Technology is a variety of needs and facilities. It comes in the form of various kinds of equipment or systems. It has a function to provide comfort and convenience for humans. In this article, we will cover the technology definition according to experts all around the world.
Technology comes from the word technologia (Greek). Techno means ‘expertise,’ and logia means ‘knowledge’. At first, we were limit the meaning of technology to tangible objects such as tools or machines.
Over time the meaning of technology has expanded. It is not limited to tangible objects, but also intangible objects. It includes software, learning methods, business methods, agriculture, and so on.
Technology Definition According to Experts
According to M. Maryono, an expert technology from Indonesia.
Technology is the development and application of various equipment or systems to solve problems faced by humans in lifeM Maryono
Meanwhile, as stated by Jacques Ellul, a philosopher and sociologist from the University of Bordeaux.
Technology is a whole method that rationally leads and has the characteristic of efficiency in every human activityJacques Ellul
Gary J. Anglin an Associate Professor of Instructional Design and Technology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, define technology as:
Technology is the application of behavioral and natural sciences and other knowledge in a systemic and systemic way to solve problemsGary J. Anglin
Last but not least, an anonymous definition of technology as:
Technology is defined as an entity of objects or objects that are intentionally created in an integrated manner through a process of action, thought to achieve a value.NN
So, what is the conclusion? We in techbal.com define technology as:
Technology is a tool, machine, method, process, activity or idea created to facilitate human activities in daily life.techbal.com
Humans use technology in different fields. It including communication, learning, transportation, business, manufacturing, data security, and so on. Broad definition of technology, everyone has their way of understanding its meaning.
What is clear, technology is not limited to smartphones, laptops, computers, planes, or trains. Simple equipment such as hammers, spoons, chairs, bottles is also part of technology.
For further information about what is technology, you can also watch this video.
A Brief History of Technology Development
Technological development is a systematic change that occurs in technology. Over the past thousands of years, people already know technology. It’s just that its forms are not as sophisticated as what we find today.
In prehistoric times, we used the technology made of stone, bronze, and iron. Technologies known in prehistoric times include swords, hand-held axes, and bronze vessels.
2. Ancient Technology
At this time technology has evolved towards construction, maritime, agriculture, and stationery. Humans already know how to build a building construction to the complicated stage. For example the Pyramid, Ship, Lighthouse, and Sundial.
3. Medieval Technology Until the Modern Era
At this time, the technology used has begun to experience progress. The presence of various inventions marks this. Such as in the fields of astronomy, medicine, mathematics, military to cartography. For example, crossbows, printing presses, algebra, and ship navigation.
4. Technology of the Industrial Revolution era
Technological developments are looking more clearly at this time. We successfully made Various types of machines. Which later replaced human power into engine power. This period is the forerunner of technological developments in the present—for example, first-generation cars, telegraphs, telephones, weaving machines, steam engines, and bicycles.
5. Technology in the 20th Century
In this 20 century, Neil Armstrong successfully landed on the moon. Technology in other fields is also developing rapidly. In the military area, we successfully created the atomic bomb. We also found The transistor that became the forerunner to the size of a small computer. At the end of this century, We introduce the Internet to the public.
Examples of other 20th Century technologies: Refrigerators, Vaccination technology, vacuum, microwave.
6. Development of 21st Century Technology
At this time, people began to develop various technologies. They were starting from the technology needed for households, education, social, information technology, and other things.
Types of Technology
The development can be seen from various technological innovations that exist today. Technological advances touch various sectors, ranging from:
1. Technology in the Economy
Technological advancements in the economic sector are in the form of developments in the financial system used. If in the past, people traded in real or real terms or faced buyers and sellers. Now they are turning online. Also, the financial system turned into e-money.
2. Food Technology
The existing agricultural system is undoubtedly different from the farming system in ancient times. Starting from the lips, the planting system, and the planting technique.
3. Information Technology
The progress of this information is marked by the ease with which people get or obtain information through the Internet. People get the information with various existing technological devices.
4. Communication Technology
The progress of this communication is marked by the ease with which one can communicate with other people. Even though the distance is quite far, people can still communicate with each other.
5. Transportation Technology
One of the advances in the field of transportation is the existence of various kinds of new traffic. Which makes it easy for someone to transport goods or travel from one place to another easily.
6. Medical Technology
One of the advances in the medical world is the discovery of various vaccines to prevent various dangerous diseases.
7. Educational Technology
The technology that also develops in the world of education is the development of the education system to be better. Educators and students easily understand the various lessons given, etc.
Examples of the Latest Technology in the World
These are various examples of technology that have been successfully created from the technology that we often encounter. It includes computers, laptops, cellphones, machines, motor cars, etc. Also, the latest technology that you may not have known before, such as:
- Wigig is a technology that is projected to replace the use of Wifi
- Matrix Power Watch with a battery that you can charge it from body heat
- Innovative Car. A car that can change its color to suit the environment such as a chameleon
Well, that was a brief article about the definition and understanding of technology. Along with technological developments and also examples of the latest technology in the world. We hope this article is useful to you.
So, what do you think about this article? Do you have any example of technology that changes your life? Or do you have another technology definition in your terms? Feel free to comments.